In technical situations electrostatic discharge can cause severe impairment to polymers and serious risks. For one thing, heavy staining of plastic surfaces can occur, or production can be disrupted. One of the greatest dangers lies in the creation of sparks through a strong discharge with a consequent ignition of dust or solvents mixed with air, which time and again leads to severe explosions.

Antistatic chemical aids prevent such electrical discharges. For example, the bonding of water molecules can conduct the charge better.